Progress in the New Alliance? Not in support of small-scale food producers

Friday, September 19, 2014 - 17:20

Call of G7/G8 Civil Society Organizations to their Governments on the

New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa

 

More than two years after the launch of the G8 New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition, what we have seen of its ‘progress’ does not change our assessment that the New Alliance actually undermines food security, nutrition and the progressive realization of the right to food in Africa. First on-the-ground research suggests a dramatic gap between development rhetoric and impacts. There is no sign that the New Alliance is lifting African people out of poverty[1], but the promise to “unleash the power of the private sector”[2] is very visibly being fulfilled. Although the New Alliance rhetorically refers to the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP), we clearly see that the processes and components of CAADP targeted to the benefits small-scale food producers are sidelined.

When the New Alliance was inaugurated in the US in Camp David in 2012, it immediately became obvious that this initiative essentially served to enable private corporations to influence agricultural policy to advance their own interests. It is pressuring African governments to adopt domestic policy reforms that will facilitate large corporations’ investments in agriculture and discriminate against those who actually make the bulk of the investments, namely small-scale producers themselves.

Such profound legislative and policy changes threaten small-scale farmers control over land and seeds, marginalize local markets and cause loss of biodiversity and soil fertility, to the detriment of the livelihoods of local communities. They will exacerbate future climate and economic shocks for small-scale farmers, instead of building their resilience to cope with such shocks. They are being made without national debate, thereby undermining democratic structures.

Lack of transparency in the New Alliance - where donor and corporate commitments and implementation are, as in the Progress Report 2013-14, only reported at summary level - makes it extremely difficult for civil society to get a full picture of the New Alliance implementation.[3] However, first concrete cases indicate that the New Alliance is far from serving as an effective tool to support small-scale farmers. For instance:

  • In Burkina Faso the commitment to develop and rehabilitate irrigated land in the Bagré Growth Pole Project is mostly reserved for large-scale agribusiness investors, with only 22% (2790ha) of the land available for small-scale farming. Usually these farmers are only granted 1 to 4 ha of land with hardly any opportunity to scale up.[4]
  • In Malawi, the enlargement of tobacco investments by multinational companies is presented as a contribution to food security and the commitment to improve access to land has been implemented by making 200.000 ha of land available to agribusiness;[5] meanwhile the need to adopt the Tenancy Labour Bill as a core instrument to ensure minimum tenants and worker’s rights have been ignored in the cooperation framework agreement.[6]
  • In Tanzania and Mozambique, new seed laws are going to be introduced that will criminalize farmer to farmer seed exchange in the future. In other countries, such as Ghana and Malawi, similar processes are under way.[7]

This evidence supports our analysis that the New Alliance sidelines the diverse and sustainable food systems of small-scale farmers which offer the real potential for food security and nutrition in Africa. Instead, it promotes environmentally damaging approaches to agriculture that entrench corporate power.

We therefore urge you to review your engagement in the New Alliance, and take the following steps:

  1. Stop any legal and policy changes that facilitate large-scale land investments and that impede small-scale farmers ability to save, exchange and sell their seeds.
  2. Stop any further expansion of the New Alliance. No further cooperation framework agreements should be developed.
  3. Review existing projects and policy reform indicators with the meaningful involvement of the populations most affected, and withdraw from those that fail to promote the right to food and the legitimate tenure rights of women and communities, or that prioritize business interests over vulnerable people and the environment.
  4. Make the letters of intent of the companies participating in the New Alliance public immediately in order to enable a legitimate public debate about likely impacts and assessment of the New Alliance.
  5. Support small-scale producers’ own investments as advised by the Committee on World Food Security, by putting women, small-scale farmers and other marginalised groups at the center of any future strategy and project for food security and nutrition in Africa; making sure that human rights and environmental impact assessments are carried out to ensure that projects only move forward if they are found not to have negative impacts on human rights and the environment.
  6. Support adoption of agroecological practices by small-scale farmers to build resilience through: participatory research in agroecology; dissemination of ecological farming knowledge via farmer-to-farmer networks; and capacity-building of extension services to advise farmers on how to practice ecological farming.

 

September 19, 2014

 

 

 

SIGNATORIES

 

 

GERMANY

Misereor

 

Pesticide Action Network

 

FIAN Germany

 

INKOTA-Netzwerk

 

Agrar Koordination

 

Global Policy Forum

 

Seeds Action Network

Germanwatch

 

German NGO Forum Environment & Development

 

Brot für die Welt - Evangelischer Entwicklungsdienst

UK

UK Food Group

 

The permaculture association

 

World Development Movement

 

Find Your Feet

 

Farms Not Factories

 

War on Want

 

FIAN group UK

 

Concern Universal

 

Pesticide Action Network

 

Send a Cow

ITALY

Terra Nuova

 

FIRAB (Fondazione Italiana per la RIcerca in Agricoltura Biologica e Biodinamica)

 

Crocevia

 

Con.Pro.Bio

 

SOLIDARIETA' E COOPERAZIONE CIPSI.

 

Comitato Italiano per la Sovranità Alimentare

 

La Gabbianella Coordinamento per il Sostegno a distanza onlus

 

 CEFA – Il seme della solidarietà

 

SOLIDAUNIA  ONLUS-LA DAUNIA PER IL MONDO

 

Centro Mondialità Sviluppo Reciproco (CMSR)

 

Forum Permanente delle Associazioni di sostegno a distanza (ForumSad)

 

CNCA

 

M.A.I.S

 

COSPE

 

ACU-Associazione Consumatori Utenti

 

Focsiv

 

Rete Cibopertutti -Kumida

 

COCIS - Coordinamento delle Organizzazioni non governative per la Cooperazione Internazionale allo Sviluppo

 

Fondazione Slow Food per la Biodiversità Onlus

 

FORUM DEL TERZO SETTORE DEL LAZIO E RETE DELLE FATTORIE SOCIALI

FRANCE

CCFD-Terre Solidaire

 

Action contre la faim France

 

Peuples Solidaires - Action Aid France

 

Avocats et vétérinaires sans frontières (AVSF)

 

Survie

 

Collectif pour la défense des terres malgaches - TANY

 

Artisans du monde - France

 

Centre de Recherches et d'Appui pour les Alternatives de Developpement - Ocean Indien

 

Solidarité

 

FIAN France

USA

Oakland Institute

 

Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy

 

Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns

 

PLANT

 

The Second Chance Fd

 

Global Policy Forum

 

Food First

 

CAGJ

CANADA

Union Paysanne

 

National Farmers Union

JAPAN

Africa Japan Forum

 

No to land grab

 

GCAP Japan

 

Japan International Volunteer Center (JVC)

 

Mura-Machi Net", Network between Village and Town"

EU

EuropAfrica

 

Corporate Europe Observatory

 

Africa Europe Faith & Justice Network

NETHERLANDS

Transnational Institute

 

AUSTRIA

FIAN Austria

 

Arche Noah

BELGIUM

Entraide et Fraternité

 

Broederlijk Delen

 

Pan-Africanist International

 

SOS Faim

 

FIAN Belgium

 

CNCD-11.11.11

 

NORWAY

FIAN Norway

 

SWEDEN

FIAN Sweden

 

Afrikagrupperna

 

SWITZERLAND

Fastenopfer

 

PORTUGAL

FEC - Fundação Fé e Cooperação

 

AIDGLOBAL - Action and Integration for Global Development

 

FUNDAÇÃO GONÇALO DA SILVEIRA

 

SPAIN

 

Manos Unidas

 

INTERNATIONAL

ActionAid International

 

Greenpeace international

 

FIMARC

 

FIAN International

 

CIDSE

ACF International

 

 

[1]   Feed the Future, 2012: Five Questions about the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition, http://feedthefuture.gov/article/five-questions-about-new-alliance-food-security-and-nutrition

[2]   Cameron, David, 2012: „A G8 Meeting that goes back to first principles, www.euobserver.com/opinion/118265

[3]   G8 New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition, Progress Report 2013-14, http://new-  alliance.org/sites/default/files/resources/072814_NewAlliance_FinalC_508.pdf

[4]   Oxfam 2014, For Whose Benefit? The G8 New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Burkina Faso. www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/whose-benefit

[5]   Government of Malawi, G8 New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition: Malawi: 2014 Annual Progress Report.

[6]   De Schutter, Olivier, 2013: Mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food. Mission to Malawi from 12 to 22 July 2013, End of Mission Statement. http://www.srfood.org/images/stories/pdf/officialreports/20130722_Malawi...

[7]   See for instance: Tanzanian Civil Society Statement on Farmer’s Rights 22 March 2013, http://www.ip-watch.org/weblog/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/UPOV-Tanzania-CSO-Statement-1.pdf ; see also: African Center for Biosafety, 2013, Slavishly following UPOV 1991. A critique of Mozambique’s Plant Variety Protection  Law, http://www.acbio.org.za/index.php/publications/seedfood-sovereignty/459-...