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The Bitter Taste of Sugar in Cambodia: Cases of Oddar Meanchey Province

In 2008, three sugar companies were awarded nearly 20,000 hectares of Economic Land Concessions (ELCs) in Oddar Meanchey province by the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC). These ELCs affected over 2,073 families in 26 villages; led to the land grab and dispossession of over 9,430 hectares of agricultural, chamkar and residential land in the 26 affected villages; led to the land grab of over 7,944 hectares of community forestland proposed and allocated; destruction of one village and the forced eviction and displacement of 214 families in O’Bat Moan/Boss Village in Koun Kriel commune; and forced land swap of 3,588 hectares of low quality insufficient replacement land under duress to families in the affected villages. Visit ActionAid Cambodia’s website to download the full report. 

RGC set up an Inter-Ministerial Adhoc Committee in 2015 to carry out an assessment on land claim and address the impacts of sugarcane plantation within the Economic and Concessions (ELCs) which are linked to the European Union’s Everything But Arms (EBA) trade preference system. Nonetheless, the Terms of Reference which set out the guidelines to conduct the land claim assessment in Oddar Meanchey province and others affected provinces remains pending and unapproved till date.