ActionAid is a global movement of people working together to further human rights and defeat poverty for all.

Whom we work with

 

Whom we work with

 

 Building on our experiences, we have identified four major categories of people to work with. In the next five years we will mainly partner with women and girls living in the most vulnerable situations, rural farmers, migrants and ethnic groups.

These four major groups will cover many subgroups which are cross cutting, for example, women farmers, lost land farmers, migrants, left behind poor, positive women, sex workers, and etc.

- Women and girls

 

Women are still the marginalized group among the poor. Within the same family and community, among the poor, women are much vulnerable to poverty than men, especially in education, nutrition and health care.

 

Eminent gender bias is evident in education, as well as employment opportunities for rural labor force in agricultural and non-agricultural sectors. Economic status also affects family relations and often time leads to domestic violence.

 

- Poor and excluded rural farmers

 

 

Our experience shows that rural farmers can be categorized into groups, with each of the group may have needs. Therefore, there requires different strategies to address their rights issues and different levels of attention for empowering them in claiming their rights. The rural farmers can be mainly categorized in four groups: subsistence farmers (who earn hand to mouth), cash crop growers, livestock raisers and landless farmers.

 

 

- Migrant workers

 

Due to the need for rapid economic growth and industrialization, migrant workers (floating population) has increasing presence in cities, taking low paid work and working in insecure work environment. These migrants include seasonal migrants and permanent migrants in the small towns and big cities. In 2004, there were 120 million rural migrants working in urban areas. They were not able to enjoy the same kinds of privileges as urban residents, notably in terms of employment opportunities, education of their children, job security and full and timely remuneration.

- Ethnic minorities

 

China has 55 ethnic minority groups, accounting for 7% of the total population. They are mainly located in rural areas of western, south-western and north-western China. Educational, cultural, and economic marginalization have impacted on the lives of the ethnic minority. We will concentrate our effort on Zhuang and Miao minority group’s cultural right issues in Southwest China and on the issue of equal citizen rights of Hui- Migrant workers.

 

These four major groups will cover many subgroups which are cross cutting, for example, women farmers, lost land farmers, migrants, left behind poor, positive women, sex workers, and etc.