ActionAid is a global movement of people working together to further human rights and defeat poverty for all.

Right to Education

We believe that education is a necessary precondition for poverty eradication and for empowering people to claim their rights. For us education is a fundamental human right, hence, we believe that every child has a right to free, compulsory and quality basic education.  We believe it is the responsibility of the state to ensure all children have access to quality education.

Children below 16 years of age account for 41 percent of the population in Nepal. The government has expressed various commitments at the national and international level in order to protect the rights of children and to create a conducive environment for realisation of their potentials.

However, around 800,000 to over one million school going age children are estimated to be out of school in Nepal. Different studies have concluded that at the current trends of school enrolment, retention and completion, Nepal is unlikely to achieve the EFA and MDG goals. Significant disparities in access to education due to caste, gender, ethnicity and disability continue to disadvantage the children of Nepal.

Despite huge increase in enrolment in primary education in the last decade, a large number of children from poor families and historically excluded groups, particularly girls and children with disabilities are still out of school.

Thus, AAN has taken up education a priority and aims to ensure the rights of all children to access quality basic education, particularly girls and those that are from poor and excluded families. The education sector suffered tremendously during the decade-long violent conflict, with schools being used for military purposes by both parties to conflict and frequent strikes imposed on schools.

We firmly believe that such interference in education is unacceptable, and education should be kept free from the effects of conflict. We strongly believe in declaring schools as zones of peace. Our interventions will focus on making the state accountable in effectively enforcing the right to education which has been acknowledged as a fundamental right by our constitution. We consider education sector reform as an important component for ensuring quality education for all. We want to see adequate budget allocated for education at all levels and facilitate mechanisms for ensuring the budget is properly utilised. We would also like to envision education as an adult learning process which leads to social change.

Key Actions

  • Advocate and campaign at all levels for universal, free, compulsory and quality basic education
  • Advocate to ensure the access of poor and excluded children, especially girls, to all levels of education
  • Advocate and campaign for enactment and enforcement of legal right to education by critically engaging with the government
  • Strengthen the capacity of various stakeholders to ensure accountable education governance through initiatives such as budget analysis
  • Influence resource allocation by the government and international donors for ensuring adequate financing of education
  • Advocate for gender-sensitive textbooks, curriculum and school environment and equal opportunities for girls and boys
  • Strengthen civil society networks and coalitions at all levels to advocate and campaign for effective implementation of right to education for all (GCE, education networks, teachers' unions, just to mention a few)
  • Engage with CZOP to establish schools and children as subjects of peace
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