ActionAid is a global movement of people working together to further human rights and defeat poverty for all.

Emergencies & Conflict

A large number of people in Nepal have been affected by the decade long conflict and natural disasters. The conflict resulted in more than 15,000 human causalities and displacement of thousands of families.   

Likewise, more than 1000 deaths, loss of more than hundreds of million rupees and about 15,000 displacements are caused by various disasters every year turning many people into destitution overnight.

The latent conflicts of the society are emerging up at the face of changed political situation increasing vulnerability, primarily of poor and less powerful who suffer the greatest impact. Likewise, as 64 out of 75 districts of Nepal are prone to disasters, significant numbers of people remain vulnerable.

Climate change and increasing environmental degradation further increase the vulnerability. Considering these realities, we have considered human security during emergencies caused by conflict and natural disasters as one of the crosscutting issues requiring attention in all our programme interventions. The poor and marginalised people are bearing the effects of conflict more than other people and they are always vulnerable towards it. Many issues of recent armed conflict, including justice to the conflict survivors, are yet to be resolved.

The rights of conflict survivors to receive humanitarian support and security during the emergencies arisen out of conflict and getting justice and reparation afterward are largely ignored by the state. We will engage in responding to emergencies caused by violent conflicts and support the survivors to get justice.

Since no other development work can be successful unless the cycle of violence is halted, we will guide the organisational strategy for conflict management and transformation process and will work in conflict sensitive ways. The rights of the victims of conflict and disasters have not been properly recognised by the state. The state mechanism mostly ends up with inadequate immediate relief in some most visible cases. 

There are no clear policies on the compensation or reparation of such victims and the rights of such victims to rehabilitation is not taken care of. Right to protection and humanitarian assistance during the emergencies and right to recovery and resilience after disasters have not been well addressed by the state.

We will therefore work towards building appropriate capacities to ensure a more strategic and rapid response of disasters, before, during and after their occurrence generally in our programme areas. At the events of national level disasters, we will support outside our programme areas as well.

Key Actions

  • Support survivors of conflict and disasters in accessing appropriate assistance for relief, recovery and mitigation of the impacts of conflicts and disasters
  • Uphold institutions to deliver rights during emergencies
  • Build poor and excluded people's resilience to conflict and disasters
  • Advocate for the protection and security of women and children's' rights during situations of conflict and disasters
  • Build poor and excluded people's risk reduction capacities
  • Build awareness on causes and effects of climate change and build capacity for adapting to its impact, particularly to poor and excluded people
  • Contribute to achieve Hyogo Framework of Action through sustainable disaster risk management
  • Support partners and civil society organisations to initiate peace building initiatives and adopt conflict sensitive measures
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