ActionAid is involved in providing support for the provision of water, sanitation and roads and using the experience to influence national policies. In Kambia district, ActionAid has been funding and supporting programmes targeting education, youth’s empowerment, water and sanitation, HIV/Aids, self-representation through participatory videos, shelter rehabilitation and budget advocacy. Kambia District is a major producer of swamp rice in Sierra Leone.
ActionAid Kambia Development Area was established in 1988 and started operations in Bramaia and Tonko Limba Chiefdoms. During the early years of its operations, the DA was mainly involved in addressing the manifestations of poverty and deprivation by providing access to clean water and sanitation facilities, building schools, health facilities, supplying seeds and tools to farm families, constructing community grain stores and drying floors, livelihood and skills training and undertaking Mobile Health Team visits to those communities that lacked access to Health Facilities.In early 2003 the sponsorship programme was introduced in Magbema and Masungbala chiefdoms. The DA continued to deliver services as before – infrastructure development, provision of WATSAN facilities, supply of agricultural inputs but with a Rights Based Approach. Therefore, systems were put in place to ensure ownership and sustainability such as forming School Management Committees, coalitions of Blue Flag Volunteers and Village Pump Caretakers. The present population estimate of the DA (Magbema and Masungbala chiefdoms) is 103,338. People in the DA are engaged in small scale businesses, subsistence agriculture, Cattle rearing and small scale Mining and Logging. Due to the proliferation of Flea markets in the district, there is an influx of people from all works of life within Sierra Leone and from neigbouring Guinea to trade in goods and services. The Guineans often come in with textiles, cigarettes, onions, Maggie etc. and buy local produce like rice, palm oil, garrie, kola nut, etc, . The export of local produce from the district often affects the cost at the local market and although local and national measures are been announced to limit the movement, very little success has been reported. The presence of these markets has also resulted in increase in prostitution around the district and consequently the potential for the spread for sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS. Illegal logging of forests and secondary bushes has had its effect in the district with reported cases of storm disaster and flooding in some communities for the past three years. These disasters often lead to the destruction of farms, lives and properties including houses and the displacement of people. Health issues are of concern in the district as there are some regions that are prone to outbreaks of water-borne diseases every year.