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Somaliland total gross enrolment is 45%, with 47% for boys and 39% for girls. The primary enrolment rate is 39% with female enrolment of 40%.


Strategic objective

Improve the quality of primary education, women literacy and youth empowerment.

Programme Focus Area

The focus area under this objective is ensuring quality primary education and engaging youth in self-employment and social change processes. 

Key promises

The focus under this strategic objective is to improve the quality of education, increase girl’s enrolment, strengthen school management institutions, and enhance women access to information. 

  • We will have supported 40 primary schools in the Local Rights Programme by equipping teachers with child centred teaching methods, enhancing learning environment and capacity of the school management institutions by the end of 2017.
  • We will have increased literacy and numeracy skills for 9,000 women and out of school girls and their access to information by 2017
  • We will have increased 20% girls’ enrolment in 40 primary schools in the Local Rights Programme by 201.
  • We will have economically empowered 10 active youth organizations and as agent of social change in collaboration with the national youth umbrella and the Ministry of Youth and Cultural Affairs.
     
We are only four years from the MDG 2 target of ensuring that, all children everywhere, boys and girls, will access basic universal education yet total enrolment in Somaliland stands at only 45%. This goal remains a distant dream. According to UN statistics, formal adult literacy stands at 36% for men and just over 15% for women, which is amongst the lowest in the world. Following the prolonged civil war, the country’s education system collapsed like other social services.
 
Many schools were closed and whole generations of young people missed education. Illiteracy denies access to quality information and participation in the decision-making process thereby perpetuating powerlessness, inequality and injustice. While the past decade has seen some increase in primary school enrolment for girls and boys in Somaliland, the quality of education is still poor and unregulated. Under resourced public schools resulted in overcrowded classrooms with unqualified teachers using out-dated curricula and teaching methods. These conditions are accelerating growth of private schools, and undermining the core State responsibility of providing quality public education. Hence, the education system entrenches bias against girls and inequalities in the society.
 
Somaliland total gross enrolment is 45%, with 47% for boys and 39% for girls. The primary enrolment rate is 39% with female enrolment of 40%. Currently, there are about 4,395 public teachers serving a total of 158,618 school age children enrolled in 635 public schools. There are only 26 secondary schools, in the country most of which either lack teachers or are relying on untrained staff (UNICEF, 2005/6).
 
High illiteracy excludes women from social, political and economic spheres. Most of the schools structures in the rural areas are in poor condition with inadequate sitting and learning facilities. Most of the trained teachers prefer schools in the urban centres depriving the rural schools the opportunity. Community Education Committees are semiliterate with limited capacity in school management and resource mobilisation.
 

Operationalizing strategy

We will work with children, parents, teachers and the Ministry of Education (MoE) to make sure that public schools are accessible to all and respect the rights of girls and boys, and upheld the values of equality and justice. We will strengthen the community education committees and facilitate education forums to promote inclusive and quality education for all children. Strengthen parent-teachers relationships and Community Educations Committees (CEC) to ensure communities participate in the management of their respective schools; and establishing them where they are non-existent. We will educate parents of the sponsored children to increase their knowledge on child sponsorship and children roles in social development.
 
We will work with teachers and parents to ensure girl friendly school environment and secure latrines/toilets. We will conduct education campaigns to influence public and parents’ attitudes and behaviours towards girls and women education. We will support women and out of school girls’ literacy classes to increase their access to information, and obtain literacy and numeracy skills. We will support teachers on child-centred teaching methods and relevant subjects’ performance improvement and provide teaching and learning materials to poor rural schools. 
 
We will liaise with CECs and the education platform to demand from the government remunerations and posting of trained teachers to rural schools. We will closely work with the government to mobilize community to utilize the free primary education and scholarship for women at university level to campaign for increased enrolment and women empowerment.