Haiti http://actionaid.org/tags/429/61 en Women's Rights versus Inequality: Jacqueline's story http://actionaid.org/2017/01/womens-rights-versus-inequality-jacquelines-story <div class="field field-image-nid"> <div class="buildmode-embedded_image"> <div class="node node-type-image clear-block"> <div class="nd-region-middle-wrapper nd-no-sidebars" ><div class="nd-region-middle"><div class="field field-image-file"> <a href="/2017/01/womens-rights-versus-inequality-jacquelines-story" class="imagecache imagecache-thumb_large imagecache-linked imagecache-thumb_large_linked"><img src="http://actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/imagecache/thumb_large/image/jacqueline.png" alt="" title="" width="140" height="140" class="imagecache imagecache-thumb_large"/></a> </div> </div></div> </div> <!-- /node --> </div> <!-- /buildmode --> </div> <div class="field field-body"> <p><strong>A lot has been written about the richest 1% who own half of the world’s wealth, or the 80 or so people who have more capital than 3 billion of the world’s poorest. But what isn’t being talked about, are the group of people who are being exploited to sustain those with money and power – women.</strong></p><p><strong>Across the world, women’s economic, political and social potential continues to be used and abused to prop up male driven and male dominated economies. In developing countries, women could be $9 trillion better off if their pay and access to paid work were equal to that of men. Women continue to do the majority of work that is unpaid in the house, are often subject to an abuse of rights to land, and social norms continue to discourage women’s access to decision making.</strong></p><p><strong>As the world’s most powerful gather at the World Economic Forum in Davos this week, people from across the world are joining the movement to fight inequality and to stand up for women like Jacqueline.</strong></p><p><strong>Jacqueline Frequiere Morette is a community leader of ActionAid partner organisation The Association of United Women of Pouly (AFUP), a grassroots organization dedicated to mobilizing women to challenge the powers that see women overworked and undervalued. </strong></p><p><strong>Here’s her story:</strong></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>In the community of Pouly, in the Central Plateau region of Haiti, things are hard for women where I live.</p><p>Most rural women in Pouly are entirely dependent on men to survive. If<strong> </strong>women are left land in a family member’s will, most men assume it is ‘<em>they</em>,’ who should inherit the land. It has become such common practice for men to inherit land, that even my own mother didn’t think that my name should be on the titles to land I rightfully own; she thought it should be my husband’s name on the papers. Over the years, women have become used to being second class citizens. They might believe they can own cows or livestock, but they don’t believe they have the right to have their names on legal titles. This places money and power directly in the hands of men.</p><p>But access to land is just one of the many forms of inequality that women in my community face.</p><p>Husbands don’t realise how much time women spend looking after the house and the family. Not only do women not get remunerated, but men feel that their work has no value. Their work is invisible. Women are tired - they have to cook, clean, tend to the garden and get the children to school, but they don’t have time to rest and that stops them from being able to do other things such as becoming educated or earning their own money.</p><p>Our village Pouly doesn’t have any health care facilities and it is women who are the most vulnerable. I once saw a pregnant woman dying in a wooden bed that was being carried down from the mountains. She had complications with her pregnancy and died on route to the nearest hospital in Lascohobas., 6km away.&nbsp; Other women don’t even make it down to Pouly and die up the mountains.</p><p>Over the years, women’s rights have started to become a talking point for government and decision makers in Haiti. For example the government issued a decree so that perpetrators of violence against women should be punished. Another decree was passed to place a 30% quota of women in all levels of public decision-making. However, saying and doing are two different things. So until the recent election far there was not one single female MP in parliament (now there are 4, out of 106!), and violence against women is still routine; with little or no action taken against the male perpetrators.&nbsp;</p><p>In 2014, the Haitian Ministry for Women’s Affairs produced a ‘<em>six year plan for equality,</em>’ but from the start the plan was exclusive to rich and powerful. The plan is written in French; but as most of the people who need this plan can only speak Kreyol, there has been little accountability to implement the gender focused polices. Women and girls in poverty usually have less chance to go to school, and if they do go, they won’t stay long enough to learn French. Sadly, French is the language of bureaucracy in Haiti and acts as a barrier to keep the majority of people out of decision-making.</p><p>With a lack of concrete action, we realised women should be sorting out our own problems and must create our own opportunities - so we started our women’s group.</p><p>I’m the coordinator and founding member of AFUP, the Association of United Women of Pouly. It started with just 10 women pooling our resources; today we now have 50 regular members. Our main purpose is to increase women’s economic independence through agriculture and to transform the agricultural produce we grow into products that we can sell.</p><p>We started working with ActionAid about nine years ago when they supported us to produce peanuts and process them into peanut butter and to raise cattle to help plough the land. In 2015, ActionAid helped us build a cassava mill and bought the machinery so we can turn manioc into cassava bread. By delivering training sessions, women in the community have come to understand the technical and business side of agricultural production which has helped the women produce better quality goods and earn more money.</p><p>For those women who have no land, we have rented them space on our land for a minimal fee so they can start growing their own produce. For example, one woman wanted to grow peppers but her husband wouldn’t support her new business venture so we helped her out with seedlings. She ended up growing enough peppers that she made enough money to buy some cows. Now her husband is encouraging her to attend our women’s group meetings and their entire relationship and power dynamic has changed.</p><p>Some of the other women in our group can now pay for their children’s education or for professional training. One woman in our group, Carole St Naël, is training to be a nursery school teacher with the money she’s made from growing peanuts.</p><p>AFUP isn’t just about developing economic independence for the women of Pouly; to create real change, we need to change the system. We often invite the local authorities to attend our meetings so they can hear the problems women face, to try to get them to commit to act. They tell us their power is limited but they do listen and say they will try to put our demands to people in central government with more power.</p><p>Over the years we have seen some positive changes. There has been some progress when women have been victims of violence, they can go to court and the case now has a chance of progressing and punishing the perpetrator. Even though we know the justice system has a lot of problems, things <em>are</em> different from the past when women didn’t report violence at all.</p><p>I’m proud of AFUP and how it’s grown. It’s not only what the women have achieved for themselves but their activities have helped the entire community. AFUP is a way for us to organise, and when we organise we can do things we wouldn’t be able to do alone.</p><p>Being part of the AFUP women’s group has helped me develop autonomy so I don’t have to depend on my husband.&nbsp; I can provide for myself, make my own decisions and I dream that other all other women can one day do the same.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>If you want to join the worldwide movement to fight inequality, go to </strong><a href="http://www.fightinequality.org"><strong>www.fightinequality.org</strong></a><strong> to find out more. </strong></p> </div> http://actionaid.org/2017/01/womens-rights-versus-inequality-jacquelines-story#comments Haiti Americas inequality Food & land rights Womens Rights International Fri, 20 Jan 2017 14:30:37 +0000 Jacqueline.Morette 691273 at http://actionaid.org Hurricane Matthew in Haiti: ActionAid's response http://actionaid.org/2016/10/hurricane-matthew-haiti-actionaids-response <div class="field field-image-nid"> <div class="buildmode-embedded_image"> <div class="node node-type-image clear-block"> <div class="nd-region-middle-wrapper nd-no-sidebars" ><div class="nd-region-middle"><div class="field field-image-file"> <a href="/2016/10/hurricane-matthew-haiti-actionaids-response" class="imagecache imagecache-thumb_large imagecache-linked imagecache-thumb_large_linked"><img src="http://actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/imagecache/thumb_large/image/81221.jpg" alt="" title="" width="140" height="140" class="imagecache imagecache-thumb_large"/></a> </div> </div></div> </div> <!-- /node --> </div> <!-- /buildmode --> </div> <div class="field field-body"> <p>Hurricane Matthew has destroyed homes and schools in Haiti. Conditions in evacuation shelters are very poor in some of the worst affected areas. There is no water, electricity and very little food. There is flooding across the country, roads are blocked and at least one major bridge has collapsed. The storm has now moved on leaving over half a million women, children and men in Haiti in urgent need of food, clean drinking water and safe shelter.</p><p>ActionAid is already providing emergency food and water to people evacuated from their homes including Grand Anse in the West which is entirely cut off and where people are in urgent need of aid. We are in the emergency shelters working with those most at risk.</p><p><div class="ibimage-with-caption null" style="width:555px;"><img src="http://www.peuples-solidaires.org/sites/files/actionaid/imagecache/image_content_fullwidth/image/176134.jpg" alt="File 35641" title="" width="555" height="174" class="ibimage"/><span class="ibimage-caption">An ActionAid supported School destroyed by Hurricane Matthew in Petit Goave, Haiti</span></div></p><p>Our team in Haiti are now seriously concerned about the risk of cholera. With reports of widespread flooding and little clean drinking water in many areas, cholera and other serious water-borne diseases are a serious threat.</p><p>The people in Haiti are extremely generous, courageous and resilient. In the midst of the devastation of the earthquake in 2010 I saw deeply affected people helping others in a beautiful way.</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">Inspired to hear stories of resilience from this group of women farmers, helped by <a href="https://twitter.com/ActionAid">@ActionAid</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Haiti?src=hash">#Haiti</a> partner MPP <a href="https://t.co/RBsqfmaB0l">pic.twitter.com/RBsqfmaB0l</a></p>— Adriano Campolina (@a_campolina) <a href="https://twitter.com/a_campolina/status/776812946592706560">September 16, 2016</a></blockquote><script charset="utf-8" type="text/javascript" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js"></script><p>Haitians have also built strong people-led organisations to claim their rights, including the peasants movement MPP and organizations Krose and Cozpam. I am proud that they are our partners and I am sure that once again they will come together with us to ensure that the disaster response will prioritise women, be accountable and count on the rootedness and expertise of local people and organisations.</p><p>Because ActionAid was already working in Haiti in when the earthquake happened, we were quick to respond, working with our local partners and affected communities to provide life-saving support – food, water and plastic sheeting for shelter – to tens of thousands of people in camps in and around Port-au-Prince.</p><p><img src="http://www.peuples-solidaires.org/sites/files/actionaid/imagecache/image_content_fullwidth/image/176118.jpg" alt="File 35642" title="" width="555" height="416" class="ibimage null"/></p><p><em>Photo: Three ActionAid sponsored children in Petit-Goave stand next to what remains of their home after it was destroyed by Hurricane Matthew</em></p><p>We launched an international fundraising appeal that raised an astonishing $13 million for our three year response to the disaster. These funds have enabled us to support more than 200,000 people in and around Port-au-Prince, as well as areas further afield, to start rebuild their lives and livelihoods.</p><p>Since that time, the country has faced numerous other challenges, including a cholera outbreak, the impact of subsequent disasters including Hurricane Sandy in 2012 and most recently a drought related to the El Niño weather pattern.</p><p>On my most recent trip to Haiti a few weeks ago I met families that were displaced after 2010, but came together and with the peasants movement support, got fully resettled in highly productive organic agro-villages and got their children back to school.</p><p>You can help ActionAid work with Haitian organisations to once again empower the most vulnerable to rebuild their lives.&nbsp;<a href="http://www.actionaid.org/hurricane-matthew-haiti-appeal">Please give to our Emergency Appeal to support people affected by Hurricane Matthew in Haiti</a>.</p> </div> http://actionaid.org/2016/10/hurricane-matthew-haiti-actionaids-response#comments Haiti Americas Emergencies & Conflict International Fri, 07 Oct 2016 11:11:56 +0000 adriano.campolina 679281 at http://actionaid.org Rights for Haitians - to food, land, education, housing and life http://actionaid.org/2015/04/rights-haitians-food-land-education-housing-and-life <div class="field field-image-nid"> <div class="buildmode-embedded_image"> <div class="node node-type-image clear-block"> <div class="nd-region-middle-wrapper nd-no-sidebars" ><div class="nd-region-middle"><div class="field field-image-file"> <a href="/2015/04/rights-haitians-food-land-education-housing-and-life" class="imagecache imagecache-thumb_large imagecache-linked imagecache-thumb_large_linked"><img src="http://actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/imagecache/thumb_large/image/earthquake_rubble.jpg" alt="" title="" width="140" height="140" class="imagecache imagecache-thumb_large"/></a> </div> </div></div> </div> <!-- /node --> </div> <!-- /buildmode --> </div> <div class="field field-body"> <p>When I was in Haiti some weeks back visiting the local office of ActionAid, I learned an immense amount of things. Like the fact that half of the country’s rice is imported. That 80% of all schools are private. That half of the money pledged to rebuild the country after the 2010 earthquake never arrived. That 80,000 people who lost their homes back then still live in informal lodgings in and around Port au Prince. That 250,000 ethnic Haitians who moved to the Dominican Republic after 1929 have just had their Dominican citizenship revoked and are now given that most awful of titles: ‘apatrides’.</p><p>These not-so-fun-facts form the fundaments of the work of ActionAid and its local partners in Haiti.</p><p><em><strong>ActionAid is working to help Haitians achieve their rights – to food, to land, to education, to housing, to life. </strong></em></p><p>It is not easy. One major challenge is low confidence in the ability of the state to actually <strong>deliver rights via investment in public services</strong>. This is part of a circle that keeps on turning, with low levels of belief in government, low levels of citizen participation in governance, low levels of government accountability to its role as public service provider. Add to this mix a number of other elements - lost tax revenues from multinationals dodging taxes in the country, the vulnerability of Haiti to major humanitarian crises like the 2010 earthquake, land grabbing and threats against the participation of civil society in the social change agenda - and you begin to realise how challenging the context is.</p><p>Haiti is a small, beautiful, mountainous country which does not have a lot of available land. In spite of this, <strong>land grabs are prevalent</strong>, mostly for mining, for agribusiness (palm) and for tourism. A number of controversial cases related to mining are being developed by ActionAid Haiti partners, particularly in the North of the country. Meanwhile farmers generally have small plots of 0.5-2 hectares, which seriously limits their chances to develop. Investment in agriculture is minimal. The inability to make it work in rural communities compounds the problem of impoverished migrant populations on the outskirts of cities like Port au Prince.</p><p><img src="http://www.actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/imagecache/image_content_medium/image/mpp.jpg" alt="File 29310" title="" width="240" height="209" class="ibimage ibimage_right"/></p><p>All of this could be different. ActionAid’s partner MPP is trying to go down that alternative path. They organise, support and train large numbers of farmers in sustainable agriculture methods, in natural resource management and in the role of the state and importance of community mobilisation to stop land grabs in their tracks.</p><p>Meanwhile local partner APV is working to encourage solidarity between women, supporting self-organised groups that have set up a kind of local share economy, keeping a food bank to protect them from natural disasters, to set up a credit union. Those women still say they need more support to get involved in public decision making, to denounce violence against them, to strengthen their networks. That’s the direction of travel of those women.</p><p>The right to free education is in the Haitian constitution but is not implemented. Recently a ‘twelve point plan’ on education was agreed by the government, which is a good solid basis to hold them accountable. But there’s a long way to go. To date, <strong>ActionAid has focused on getting kids into schools</strong> in specific areas where we can work with expert local partners. But they want to go beyond this now, linking up those partners and pushing for a right to quality schooling for all Haitian kids.</p><p><img src="http://www.actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/imagecache/image_content_fullwidth/image/apv_kids.jpg" alt="File 29309" title="" width="555" height="333" class="ibimage null"/></p><p><strong>Of the $9bn promised by the international community after the earthquake, only half has materialised</strong>. 1.5 million people were left homeless in the wake of the earthquake. 80,000 are still living in informal lodgings in and around Port au Prince. Many housing projects started but have been stalled by lacking funding. In response to this, ActionAid helped to set up and support the Je Nan Je campaign (Eye to Eye) which is tackling head on the housing and land rights issues that arose from the 2010 earthquake.</p><p>I cannot bring myself to write about Haiti without mentioning the recent turn of events with the Dominican Republic. Last year, the Dominican government <strong>removed via decree the nationality of all those who moved over from Haiti since 1929</strong>. One quarter of a million people - many of whom don’t know Haiti, speak Spanish and have never defined themselves as anything other than Dominican – have been suddenly and violently denied a nationality and papers. A cross-border committee has been set up to resolve the issue, but expectations are not high. Caricom (Caribbean Community) has mobilised around the issue denouncing the racist nature of the proposal. Beyond that the international community has kept quiet and people of more affluent nations still keep going on holiday to the Dominican Republic, oblivious. Ultimately this thing will only change if the Haitian government itself supports it.</p><p>It is all part of delivering a bigger package of justice and rights for people, without which nothing will ever really change.</p><p><img src="http://www.actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/imagecache/image_content_fullwidth/image/cassandra_e._francois_2.jpg" alt="File 29311" title="" width="555" height="740" class="ibimage null"/>&nbsp;</p> </div> http://actionaid.org/2015/04/rights-haitians-food-land-education-housing-and-life#comments Haiti Americas Education Emergencies & Conflict Food & land rights International Thu, 23 Apr 2015 11:08:11 +0000 Laura.Sullivan 601346 at http://actionaid.org US-funded Industrial Park Forces Farmers Off Their Land in Haiti http://actionaid.org/news/us-funded-industrial-park-forces-farmers-their-land-haiti <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-content"><div class="field field-date-display"> <span class="date-display-single"><time datetime="2015-01-08T00:00:00+00:00">Thursday, January 8, 2015</time></span> </div> <div class="field field-intro"> <p align="center">Quarter of USAID post-earthquake funds used for construction&nbsp;of Caracol Industrial Park</p> </div> <div class="field field-body"> <p>(Washington D.C.) Five years after the earthquake, a new report from international aid agency ActionAid reveals how a US-backed industrial park, paid for with disaster relief funding, has evicted food-producing farmers from their land in Haiti. <a href="http://www.actionaidusa.org/sites/files/actionaid/building_back_better_the_caracol_industrial_park_and_post-earthquake_aid_to_haiti.pdf"><em>Building Back Better? The Caracol Industrial Park and post-earthquake aid to Haiti</em></a> shows how more than US$170 million of US emergency aid money to Haiti was used to finance the Caracol Industrial Park, which was built on prime agricultural land in northern Haiti, far outside the disaster zone. A total of 366 families and 720 agricultural workers lost their land and livelihoods with only a few days’ notice to make way for the park.</p><p>Kysseline Jean-Mary Chérestal, Senior Policy Analyst at ActionAid USA, said:</p><p><em>“At least a quarter of USAID’s post-earthquake budget was spent supporting the construction of the Caracol Industrial Park in an area way outside the disaster zone.</em></p><p><em>“But instead of local communities being consulted on the type of development that would benefit them the most, some of the country’s most fertile land has been taken and replaced with concrete”.</em></p><p>The <a href="http://www.actionaidusa.org/sites/files/actionaid/building_back_better_the_caracol_industrial_park_and_post-earthquake_aid_to_haiti.pdf">report</a> reveals that farmers who relied on their land for food and an income have been left landless. Food prices in the Caracol area continue to rise due to a severe drought and reduced means of production, making the decision to cover fertile land with concrete even more controversial. The Government of Haiti and international donors have been forced to intervene to stabilize food prices but prices continue to rise, leaving Haiti yet again on the brink of a food crisis1.</p><p>Eight months after they were evicted, some of the farmers received some compensation. But the amount was decided without a proper negotiation, and farmers claim that the money has been woefully inadequate.</p><p>Cinic Antoine Iréné, a farmer who lost his land when the Caracol Industrial Park was constructed, said:</p><p><em>“The land at Caracol was used for food production for all the North East – plantain and other food. They’ve taken these lands and put concrete on them. The industrial park is the biggest injustice done to the North East because they could have chosen other, less productive places”.</em></p><p>The US Administration’s promise to ‘build back better’ resulted in more than a quarter of USAID’s post-earthquake funding being pledged to support construction of the park. Encouraged by their projections of creating 65,000 jobs2, US officials were quick to approve funding for the park, despite no consultation of the local communities.</p><p>Today, the park provides only 4,500 jobs, with workers earning the minimum wage of less than US$5 a day – far below what is needed to feed a family and meet their other daily needs.</p><p>Chérestal continued:</p><p><em>“The Caracol Industrial Park – a flagship project for the US Government’s aid to Haiti – is an expensive mistake, with poor farmers left worse off, unable to access the land they need to grow food, graze their animals and generate an income.</em></p><p><em>&nbsp;</em><em>“Farmers can’t work in factories – the skills they use to grow corn and beans aren’t what you need to make t-shirts and underwear. But even if they could, the wages aren’t enough to feed one person three square meals a day, let alone an entire family – they’re poverty wages.</em></p><p><em>&nbsp;</em><em>“With Haiti on the brink of a food crisis, the government and international donors must invest in Haitian smallholder farmers so they can feed the country, not shove them aside to make a quick buck or two for foreign investors and local elites”.</em></p><p>&nbsp;ActionAid is calling on the US Administration to make its aid to Haiti more transparent so that USAID and other agencies can be held to account for the way in which US tax payers’ dollars are spent, and for all US aid projects to respect and protect the legitimate land rights of Haitians. The families displaced by the Caracol Industrial Park must also be properly compensated as soon as possible so that they are not worse off than when they had access to the land. Relocation of these families must not displace other communities living in the surrounding area.</p><p>&nbsp;ENDS</p> </div> <div class="field field-editors-notes"> <p><strong>For more information and interviews please contact: Patricia Brooks on (202) 351-1757 or </strong><a href="mailto:Patricia.Brooks@actionaid.org"><strong>Patricia.Brooks@actionaid.org</strong></a><strong> </strong></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>1 Source: 2014 Global Food Security Index produced by The Economist Intelligence Unit</p><p>2 US State Department</p><p><strong>Click </strong><a href="http://www.actionaidusa.org/videos/building-back-better-caracol-industrial-park-and-post-earthquake-aid-haiti"><strong>here</strong></a><strong> to watch the Building Back Better? video</strong></p><p><strong>Download a copy of the report </strong><strong><a href="http://www.actionaidusa.org/sites/files/actionaid/building_back_better_the_caracol_industrial_park_and_post-earthquake_aid_to_haiti.pdf">here</a></strong></p><p>ActionAid is a global movement of people working together to achieve greater human rights for all and defeat poverty. We believe people in poverty have the power within them to create change for themselves, their families and communities. ActionAid is a catalyst for that change.</p> </div> </fieldset> News Haiti USA Americas aid Earthquake Land grab International Tue, 13 Jan 2015 10:33:49 +0000 charlotte.armstrong 579247 at http://actionaid.org Je nan Je: One of the greatest experiences of my life http://actionaid.org/shared/je-nan-je-one-greatest-experiences-my-life <div class="field field-origin-node"> <div class="buildmode-4"> <div class="node node-type-blog_post clear-block"> </div> <!-- /node --> </div> <!-- /buildmode --> </div> Haiti Je nan Je Land and food Emergencies & Conflict International Thu, 10 Jan 2013 10:47:25 +0000 Marjorie.dumornay 401506 at http://actionaid.org Miracle turned reality: Philippeaux’s flood free community http://actionaid.org/shared/miracle-turned-reality-philippeaux-s-flood-free-community <div class="field field-origin-node"> <div class="buildmode-4"> <div class="node node-type-blog_post clear-block"> </div> <!-- /node --> </div> <!-- /buildmode --> </div> Haiti disaster risk reduction Emergencies & Conflict International Wed, 09 Jan 2013 09:00:11 +0000 claudine.andre 401232 at http://actionaid.org Rebuilding livelihoods, rebuilding lives http://actionaid.org/shared/rebuilding-livelihoods-rebuilding-lives <div class="field field-origin-node"> <div class="buildmode-4"> <div class="node node-type-blog_post clear-block"> </div> <!-- /node --> </div> <!-- /buildmode --> </div> Haiti Work/Livelihood Emergencies & Conflict International Tue, 08 Jan 2013 08:00:45 +0000 michella.louis 400908 at http://actionaid.org Three years on, Haiti is stronger, but there’s a long way to go http://actionaid.org/2013/01/three-years-haiti-stronger-there-s-long-way-go <div class="field field-image-nid"> <div class="buildmode-embedded_image"> <div class="node node-type-image clear-block"> <div class="nd-region-middle-wrapper nd-no-sidebars" ><div class="nd-region-middle"><div class="field field-image-file"> <a href="/2013/01/three-years-haiti-stronger-there-s-long-way-go" class="imagecache imagecache-thumb_large imagecache-linked imagecache-thumb_large_linked"><img src="http://actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/imagecache/thumb_large/rs_114391" alt="" title="" width="140" height="140" class="imagecache imagecache-thumb_large"/></a> </div> </div></div> </div> <!-- /node --> </div> <!-- /buildmode --> </div> <div class="field field-body"> <p style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://www.actionaid.org/what-we-do/emergencies-conflict/current-emergencies/haiti">Haiti 3 years on &gt;&gt;</a></p><p><a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZHudfRAAs4">The 7.0 magnitude earthquake that struck Haiti</a> on January 12, 2010 plunged an alarmingly fragile population into disaster. Over 220,000 people died, 250,000 were wounded, and 1.2 million left homeless. Hundreds of thousands of survivors fled the cities, increasing pressure on already scarce resources in rural areas.</p><p>With a national team in place since 1997 and a strong network of partner organisations working with Haiti's poorest communities, ActionAid's response began immediately.</p><p><iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/tZHudfRAAs4?rel=0" width="560" height="315" frameborder="0"></iframe></p><h3>Relief to reconstruction</h3><p><a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sjQMfL76U1E">The first 3 months were the most intense</a>. Our staff and partners focused on providing food, cooking utensils, hygiene kits, tents and tarpaulins and helping survivors in dealing with the emotional impact of shock and loss. We reached tens of thousands of people, including <a href="http://www.actionaid.org/haiti/stories/surviving-earthquake-only-3-years-old">children like 3 year old Cherlandine</a>, and worked with teams of women and men to improve women's safety in camps (see the video below).</p><p><iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/l3nSC37IhRE?rel=0" width="560" height="315" frameborder="0"></iframe></p><p>As the initial emergency phase passed, we turned to plugging the gap in lost family income and reducing risk of future disasters. By providing wages for local people to work on community projects, we helped to strengthen resilience to the heavy storms and rains that frequently visit Haiti. Together we completed projects such as <a href="http://www.actionaid.org/haiti/what-we-do/testimonials/stories/moises-francique">building hillside terraces</a> in Thiotte and fixing gullies in Philippeaux to protect people, crops and homes from floods and landslides.</p><p>The final phase of emergency response is all about reconstruction and supporting 200,000 of the most vulnerable Haitians to get their lives back on track. One of our key achievements has been constructing and equipping schools and training teachers enabling 660 children to access quality education.</p><h3>Eye to eye</h3><p>While there are many concrete achievements, Haiti's recovery has been beset with challenges. One of the biggest is the lack of availability of land to build homes for the 390,000 quake survivors still living in tents and temporary shelters who don't own their own land. In response to the housing crisis, ActionAid supported the creation of a campaign known as “<a href="http://www.actionaid.org/haiti/je-nan-je-campaign">Je nan Je</a>” in Creole (meaning “Eye to Eye”).</p><p>Since Je nan Je launched in 2011, grassroots organisations and thousands of people affected by the earthquake have come together to press the government to allocate land for homes and to demand greater transparency in the way reconstruction funds are spent.</p><h3>Campaign victories</h3><p>After <a href="http://www.actionaid.org/haiti/2012/01/%E2%80%9Cje-nan-je%E2%80%9D-platform-and-parliamentarians-meet">several public hearings</a> and <a href="http://www.actionaid.org/haiti/shared/two-years-after-earthquake-10000-march-together-right-housing-port-au-prince">peaceful demonstrations</a>, the government responded. A parliamentary commission tasked with creating laws to guarantee land and housing rights - including for Haiti's most vulnerable - is due to report its progress in January 2013. A milestone in the quest for good governance.</p><p>Thanks to Je nan Je, there has also been practical progress in securing land for homes. Emboldened by the campaign, Marie-Charles Juste Luce, who lives in Mariani camp took up the issue with the mayor of the nearby town Gressier. The Mayor provided a plot of land and ActionAid began building 160 semi-permanent houses, in partnership with local authorities, organisations and communities. In 2013, these houses will offer secure homes for some of Haiti's most vulnerable families.</p><p><div class="ibimage-with-caption null" style="width:555px;"><img src="http://www.actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/imagecache/image_content_fullwidth/image/114395scr.jpg" alt="File 14842" title="" width="555" height="368" class="ibimage"/><span class="ibimage-caption">Construction of semi-permanent homes in Gressier, Haiti</span></div></p><h3>Being prepared</h3><p>As Marie-Charles says, everyone has the right to a safe place to live. But the combination of poverty and disasters in Haiti presents a huge obstacle. In the last 6 months alone we faced two hurricanes (Isaac and Sandy) and severe floods in the north. The <a href="http://www.actionaid.org/haiti/2011/03/fighting-cholera-five-fs">cholera epidemic</a>, first noted back in August 2010, continues to this day.</p><p>That’s why ActionAid is investing in “preparedness”, ensuring that we – and the communities we work with – are better able to respond when disasters strike.&nbsp; One way we do this is by storing vital items, such as hygiene kits, closer to vulnerable communities, so that they can be distributed quickly when needed.</p><p>When <a href="http://www.actionaid.org/haiti/shared/actionaid-responds-hurricane-sandy-haiti">Hurricane Sandy hit Haiti in October</a>, killing 54 people and destroying over 18,000 homes, we were able to get supplies to five badly affected communities within hours helping them to prevent cholera and - with the help of cash grants - buy essential food supplies.</p><h3>Fighting food crisis</h3><p>Another disaster now looms large: the prospect of a <a href="http://www.actionaid.org/haiti/shared/heeding-warnings-why-we-can-t-afford-ignore-looming-food-crisis-haiti">catastrophic food crisis</a>. Haiti’s agricultural sector, which accounts for around a quarter of national income, was devastated by Hurricane Sandy. <a href="http://www.actionaid.org/stories/haitian-farmers-need-support-now-or-face-food-crisis-2013">Farmers like Silianne Médé and Nessilo Dorestant</a> lost up to 90% of their crops.</p><p>As well as calling for an international response, ActionAid is placing sustainable agriculture at the heart of our work in Haiti - we believe this is critical to ensure Haitian's right to food security. We will promote agriculture that strengthens ecosystems - protecting resources like land and water - while helping farmers to diversify their sources of income. We'll also be supporting producers to organise, to gain equal access to markets and to defend the rights of women farmers and traders.</p><h3>Mesye Dam, chapo ba</h3><p>Haiti's reconstruction rollercoaster has shown once again that when people are involved in decisions that affect their lives - and active in shaping their future - progress is possible. ActionAid will continue to work to ensure that this happens. As we approach 3 years since the earthquake, I would like to thank all of our donors by saying “Mesye Dam, chapo ba” (“I take my hat off to you”).</p><p>Without your support, our work with 200,000 of Haiti's poorest people would have been impossible during these difficult three years. Thank you for your accompaniment - from the earthquake in 2010, through all the tropical storms in between, and most recently after Hurricane Sandy. We continue to count on individuals and institutions like you to strengthen the solidarity chain to build a new Haiti. Together we can do this - by building resilience to disasters and changing policies that keep people poor and vulnerable.&nbsp;</p><p>The end of 2012 brings closure to a turbulent but thriving time for the country and for ActionAid Haiti. With the earthquake behind us I look forward to continuing our stand, alongside Haiti's poorest, for the right to a better future.</p> </div> http://actionaid.org/2013/01/three-years-haiti-stronger-there-s-long-way-go#comments Haiti Emergencies & Conflict International Mon, 07 Jan 2013 07:25:19 +0000 jeanclaude.fignole 400245 at http://actionaid.org Heeding the warnings: Why we can’t afford to ignore the looming food crisis in Haiti http://actionaid.org/2012/11/heeding-warnings-why-we-can-t-afford-ignore-looming-food-crisis-haiti <div class="field field-image-nid"> <div class="buildmode-embedded_image"> <div class="node node-type-image clear-block"> <div class="nd-region-middle-wrapper nd-no-sidebars" ><div class="nd-region-middle"><div class="field field-image-file"> <a href="/2012/11/heeding-warnings-why-we-can-t-afford-ignore-looming-food-crisis-haiti" class="imagecache imagecache-thumb_large imagecache-linked imagecache-thumb_large_linked"><img src="http://actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/imagecache/thumb_large/rs_113317" alt="" title="" width="140" height="140" class="imagecache imagecache-thumb_large"/></a> </div> </div></div> </div> <!-- /node --> </div> <!-- /buildmode --> </div> <div class="field field-body"> <p>It’s nearly a month after Hurricane Sandy swept past Haiti, killing 54 people and displacing thousands.&nbsp; Whilst the world’s media has turned its attention to disasters on the other side of the world, Haitians are struggling to pick up the pieces.&nbsp;</p><p>The hurricane caused massive destruction to Haiti’s agricultural sector, which accounts for about 25% of the country’s GDP. Our local partner organisation in Grande Anse, in the south west of the country, recently reported that farmers they work with had lost between 70-90% of their crops to the flood waters brought by Sandy.&nbsp;</p><p>And so, beyond the immediate impact of the disaster, another, more pressing issue now looms large; the prospect of a catastrophic food crisis.</p><p>Last year, the world slept through the food crisis and famine in the Horn of Africa.&nbsp; A report released by an NGO consortium – tellingly entitled <em>A Dangerous Delay<sup>1</sup></em> - later criticised the response for being too slow; for letting tens of thousands of people die needlessly.&nbsp;</p><p>In the Sahel, earlier this year, again the international community was caught napping.&nbsp; And whilst the response to that crisis has been marginally quicker, still hundreds of thousands of the most vulnerable suffered unnecessarily.</p><p>Now it seems Haiti is facing the same fate. &nbsp;With harvests devastated by the combined effects of Hurricane Sandy, an earlier cyclone (Isaac) in August, and a drought which hit earlier this year, the UN estimates that nearly 2 million of the country’s poorest people are at risk of elevated food insecurity over the coming months.&nbsp;</p><p>A new paper released today by ActionAid - <a href="http://www.actionaid.org/publications/haiti-avoiding-another-dangerous-delay">Haiti: Avoiding Another Dangerous Delay</a> - gives more detail behind the emerging crisis.&nbsp; But it also highlights that it’s not too late to act.&nbsp; We don’t have to repeat the same mistakes of the Horn of Africa and the Sahel.&nbsp; The international community has the opportunity now to put measures in place that can avert a future catastrophe.</p><p>Food crises are not new.&nbsp; But when the warning signs are there, and the alarm bell is sounded in good time, we all have a responsibility to step up.&nbsp; For us to sleepwalk through another preventable disaster is a price Haitians cannot afford to pay.</p><p><em>Notes:</em></p><ol><li><em>Read <a href="http://oxfamilibrary.openrepository.com/oxfam/bitstream/10546/203389/8/bp-dangerous-delay-horn-africa-drought-180112-en.pdf">A Dangerous Delay</a> - a report released by Oxfam and Save The Children on the Horn of Africa drought.</em></li></ol> </div> http://actionaid.org/2012/11/heeding-warnings-why-we-can-t-afford-ignore-looming-food-crisis-haiti#comments Haiti Disaster Response emergency response Hurricane Sandy Emergencies & Conflict International Thu, 22 Nov 2012 12:10:22 +0000 jeanclaude.fignole 382090 at http://actionaid.org Haiti: Avoiding Another Dangerous Delay http://actionaid.org/publications/haiti-avoiding-another-dangerous-delay <div class="field field-publication-cover-image"> <a href="/publications/haiti-avoiding-another-dangerous-delay" class="imagecache imagecache-image_heading_right imagecache-linked imagecache-image_heading_right_linked"><img src="http://actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/imagecache/image_heading_right/haiti---avoiding-another-da.gif" alt="" title="" width="240" height="367" class="imagecache imagecache-image_heading_right"/></a> </div> <div class="field field-publication-author"> ActionAid </div> <div class="field field-publication-full"> <a href="http://actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/haiti_-_avoiding_another_dangerous_delay.pdf"><img alt="application/pdf icon" src="http://actionaid.org/sites/all/modules/filefield/icons/application-pdf.png" /><span>haiti_-_avoiding_another_dangerous_delay.pdf</span></a> </div> <div class="field field-publication-date-published"> <span class="date-display-single"><time datetime="2012-11-22T00:00:00+00:00">Thursday, November 22, 2012</time></span> </div> <div class="field field-publication-overview"> <p>In Haiti, grassroots communities, international partners, and the government are sounding the alarm of an impending food crisis, with potentially disastrous consequences for nearly 2 million Haitians at high risk of hunger. Without immediate and adequate response, we may see headlines in a few months telling us about avoidable deaths in Haiti. If we succeed in responding now, there will be no news to report – except for those who can see the significance of a functioning relief system in evidence, like farmers able to resume planting before the dry season and food markets offering quality food at affordable prices.</p> </div> Haiti Disaster Response emergency response Hurricane Sandy Emergencies & Conflict International Thu, 22 Nov 2012 11:59:24 +0000 Rob Safar 381990 at http://actionaid.org