Tanzania has been facing challenges to development for the last five years due to HIV/AIDS. According to the 2007-08 Tanzania HIV and Malaria Indicator Survey (THMIS), the current average prevalence rate is 5.7% for Tanzanians aged 15-49 years, compared to 7.0% of 2004. This decrease of prevalence was also contributed to by ActionAid Tanzania through the rights of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHV). The two participatory studies conducted in 2008 to bring evidence for policy advocacy on community access to care and treatment in remote areas and primary healthcare effectiveness on HIV and gender aspects. The studies were the basis for all ActionAid’s supported policy advocacy and campaigns - the Global AIDS Week of Action (GWA), 16 Days of Activism against Women Violence, and World AIDS Day.
ActionAid facilitated its national level partner, National Council of People Living with HIV/AIDS (NACOPHA) – which represents more than 2 million people – to demand the amendment of the HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Act of 2008. The Act under object clause 21 explains on the intentional transmission while the mechanism to justify evidence is missing. NACOPHA shared such recommendations with the Government for amendment. People Living with HIV/AIDS are becoming more confident in engaging in decision making, contributing at national level policy reviews, and track public resources local and national levels.