500 weather-related disasters are now taking place each year, compared to 120 in the 1980s. The number of floods has increased six-fold over the same period. The poorest people are the most vulnerable to disaster, living in the most flood-prone land, or in the flimsiest housing. Millions of people will be vulnerable to flooding, cyclone and drought, wiping out lives, livelihoods and infrastructure such as schools and roads.
Falling food production
Climate change has been one of the causes of the global food crisis. It also threatens the sustainable agriculture being practised by smallholder farmers, who produce 85 per cent of food in developing countries. In Africa, yields from rain-fed agriculture could be reduced by up to 50 per cent by 2020, and in Central and South Asia, crop yields could fall by up to 30 per cent by 2050 as a result of climate change.
Effects on women
Widespread discrimination, and lack of access to resources mean that women are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. When resources are short, people will migrate to seek food or work, leaving women – wives and grandmothers behind.
Tackling climate change
ActionAid works at the community and global level to deal with the consequences of climate change.