Political context

In the ten past years, Burundi has experienced both great strides and major setbacks on the road to lasting peace.

The second democratic elections held from May 24th to September 8th in 2010, constituted a milestone in the country's political transition. However, thirteen opposition parties, alleging fraud and vote-rigging, formed a coalition to boycott the presidential election.

Three political parties, notably the Union pour le progress national (Uprona) and the Front pour la democracie au Burundi (Frodebu-Nyakuri branch) decided to contest the legislative elections, which took place in July 2010 and are now represented in Parliament.

The security situation remains calm but uncertain. Controversies over the election results has sparked in violence and created an atmosphere of uncertainty, sometimes characterized by loss of life and political harassment towards media and civil society organization, assimilated to opposition by virtue of sharing some views. The opposition that boycotted elections in 2010, alleged absence of inclusive political dialogue in public affairs and persecution of their leaders.

In this uncertain environment, it is very much critical that national, regional and global partners join their efforts to consolidate peace and secure and development gains built over the past 10 years.